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初中英语语法—一般将来时详解和习题,外语学习,新闻资讯中心,南昌家教巴士

初中英语语法—一般将来时详解和习题


频道:外语学习 来源:南昌家教巴士 点击:181 日期:2011-09-27

一般将来时示意将要产生的动作或存在的状况以及筹划、计划做某事。E.g. They will have a football match tomorrow. He will be thirty next week. She is going to buy a coat this afternoon.

其结构有以下几种: 一)will + 动词本相(will可以用于任何人称) 必要注重的是当主语是第一人称时will可以换成shall,特别是在以I或we作主语的问句中,一样平常用shall. e.g. Shall we go to the zoo? 二)be going to +动词本相 三)如今进行时也可示意未来,前边已经讲过,这里不在重复.

第一种结构的句式变化是: 变否定句在will后边加not. 变一样平常疑问句把will提早. e.g. She will be back in three days. She will not be back in three days. Will She be back in three days? 第二种结构的句式变化要在be上做文章. E.g. They are going to clean their classroom. They are not going to clean their classroom. Are they going to clean their classroom?

其时候状语有以下几种 一)this引诱的短语 如 this year 二)tomorrow及其相干短语如tomorrow morning 三)next引诱的短语 如 next month 四) from now on ; in the future ; in an hour 等。

门生常见毛病以下:

  1、易疏忽动词用本相情势

例:一 He will is (be) at school next Monday.

二 He is going to does (do) his homework after school.

谜底:一 be 二 do

剖析:第一题有的同砚一看he做主语就用了is,疏忽了will后应加动词本相。咱们在写句子时,很容易把动词丢掉,“英语句子里,动词不能少”的规律必须要切记。第二题中to后加动词本相,而不是用单三人称.。

  2、be going to +动词本相与will+动词本相用法不清楚

例:我正努力学习,准备参加英语考试。

I am studying hard and I will try for my English exams.

谜底:I am studying hard and I am going to try for my English exams.

剖析:“be going to” 示意筹划、计划要做某事。E.g. He is going to visit his friends. 还示意某种迹象评释会产生某事.e.g. Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain. 而“Will+动词本相 ”指对未来事物的预感、示意意愿、决心。E.g. I will wait for you until you come. 在单纯预测未来时,两者可以互换,但在此题中只能用be going to,而不能用will。

  自主检测:

  (1)、 单选

  一 _____you ____a doctor when you grow up?

  A Will; going to be B Are; going to be C Are; / D Will; be

  二 I don’t know if his uncle _____. I think he _____ if it doesn’t rain.

  A will come; comes B will come; will come C comes; comes D comes; will come

  三 He will be back _____a few minutes.

  A with B for C on D in

  四 What time _____we meet at the gate tomorrow?

  A will B shall C do D are

  五 He will have a holiday as soon as he _____the work next week.

  A finishes B doesn’t finish C will finish D won’t finish

  六 There _____some showers this afternoon.

  A will be B will have C is going to be D are going to have

  七 It ____my brother’s birthday tomorrow. She _____a party.

  A is going to be; will have B will be; is having C will be; is going to have D will have; is going to be

  八 Li Ming is 10 years old now, next year he _____11.

  A is B is going to be C will be D will to be

  谜底:一 B 二B 三 D 四 B 五A 六A 七 C 八 C

  (2)、 填空

  一 -“I need some paper.”

- “I ____(bring)some for you.”

  二____(be)you free tomorrow?

  三 They _________(not leave) until you come back.

  四 _____we_____(go) to the party together this afternoon?

  五 They want to know when the meeting _____start.

  六 I _____(go) with you if I have time.

  七 Hurry up! Or we ______(be) late.

  八What ____you _______(do) tomorrow afternoon?

  九 Jenny ____ _____ (do) an experiment the day after tomorrow.

  10 If she isn’t free tomorrow, she _______(not take) part in the party.

  谜底: 一 will bring 二 Are 三 won’t leave 四Shall go 五 will 六 will go

七 will be 八 are going to do 九 will do 10 won’t take

  3、 There be结构的一般将来时易失足

  例:There_________ a basketball match this afternoon. (B)

  A is going to be B is going to have C are going to be D are going to have

  谜底:A

  剖析:There be结构的一般将来时既要吻合There be结构,又要吻合一般将来时。有的同砚以为have当“有”讲,以是选了B,但There be结构就不成立了,此句中is是be going to中的,是由后边的单数名词决定的.

  4、 be going to结构中易丢掉to

  例:I’m going _______(go) school by bike tomorrow. (C)

  A to will go B to go to C go to D to go

  谜底:B

  剖析:由tomorrow可知是一般将来时,be going to +动词本相,以是先肯定用to go , 在B、 D当当选,而go to school 是固定词组,不能由于前边有一个to而省略,这是一个易错点,必要注重。

此外,在时候状语或前提状语从句中,若主句用了将来时,从句则用一般现在时,前边已经讲过,这里不在重复.

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